Ginseng is a tonic herb used for rejuvenation and invigoration. It is considered an adaptogen, providing non-specific protection against various mental, physical and environmental forms of stress. Panax ginseng is a slow-maturing perennial herb native to the mountain forests of northeastern China, Korea, and Russia. The plant is cultivated extensively in China, Japan, Korea, Russia, Canada and Wisconsin in the United States. Ginseng usually starts flowering at its fourth year and the roots take four to six years to reach maturity. Panax ginseng is one of the most heavily cultivated and widely consumed herbs on earth.
Ginseng root contains various polysaccharides, saponins, sterols, polyalkenes and essential oil. The biologically active constituents in Panax Ginseng are triterpene saponins known collectively as ginsenosides. They are also referred to in some literature as “panaxosides.” At least 30 ginsenosides have been identified in Panax Ginseng. Of these, ginsenosides Rg1 , Rc, Rd, Rb1 , Rb2 , and Rb0 are generally regarded as the most important. Ginsenoside values of ginseng root vary according to origin, plant maturity and other factors.
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